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|Terminal latency index in neuropathy with antibodies against myelin-associated glycoproteins|
Lupu VD, Mora CA, Dambrosia J, Meer J, Dalakas M, Floeter MK. Terminal latency index in neuropathy with antibodies against myelin-associated glycoproteins. Muscle Nerve. 2007 Feb;35(2):196-202. DOI: 10.1002/mus.20678. PMID: 17068765.
Neuropathy with antibodies against myelin-associated glycoproteins (MAG/SGPG-N) and hereditary sensorimotor neuropathy type 1 (HMSN1) are characterized by chronic demyelination with little conduction block. Electrodiagnostic studies suggest that in HMSN1 conduction slowing occurs uniformly along the nerve, whereas in MAG/SGPG-N it is predominantly distal. Some but not all previous reports have shown that the terminal latency index (TLI) was useful to distinguish MAG/SGPG-N from chronic idiopathic demyelinating polyneuropathy. We compared median TLI from 21 patients with MAG/SGPG-N with those obtained from 26 patients with HMSN1, 20 with HMSN2, and 12 healthy volunteers. All patients with TLI <0.26 had MAG/SGPG-N, and all patients with TLI ≥0.32 had HMSN1. In the remaining patients with intermediate TLI values, ulnar distal motor latency (DML) aided in differentiation between MAG/SGPG-N and HMSN1 with an overall sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 98%. In conclusion, median TLI in combination with ulnar DML can further guide the demyelinating neuropathy evaluation toward hereditary or autoimmune causes.